Upon the collapse of the Roman Empire within the
5th century AD,
the Germanic individuals, known
as the Franks, came to inhabit the region
that is nowadays the country of France. The entire
area had been just about abandoned, which saw
the rise of many social group European kingdoms.
After it slow, these kingdoms become united
as one below the dynasty,
even enlargedwayon the far side its origins. Ruling
for some three hundred years,
the dominion of the Franks
became large, and communication became
impossible. currently dominated by the Carolingian dynasty,
the Kingdom was divided into 3, with West
Francia being the one we’re attending to focus
Perhaps the foremost documented King this early
in history is,
of the Franks in 768,
and have become unquestionably
the most powerful man in Europe at the time,
when, on Xmas, 800 AD, he was topped
Emperor of the Romans
After the death of Holy Roman Emperor, the Carolingian
dynasty was weak and eventually came to associate degreefinish
in 987, onceHugh Capet was elective by the
lords of France.
As king, he truly had little power.
His authority barely extended on the far side Paris
and Orléans. His power came from the important
electors World Health Organization voted him into the position,
and a lot ofsignificantly, the clergy.
the Normans invaded England, which
resulted in on-and-off fighting between France
and England, beginning a contentionthat might
last for many centuries, eventually culminating
in the Hundred Years’ War.
and that they additionally competea large half within the
Crusades to recover the Palestine from Muslim
rule, that was at firstterriblyprosperous…
and then a horrifying failure.
After the death of Charles IV, the throne
of France was claimed by each prince of dynasty,
and King of Great Britain
king of England.
After some disagreements, the French declared
a state of war in 1337. English showed
their military superiority over France, winning
several victories in battle and even capturing
the French king at one purpose.
A armistice was
signed in 1360, as Edward renounced his claim
to the French throne, and England were awarded
substantial French land, land which might
be virtually entirely recovered by France in
the next period.
In 1393, a regency was place into place for
the French King, Charles VI, World Health Organization was incapable
of ruling thanks to his mental disease, so the
Queen dominated on his behalf.
A power struggle between Burgundy and Orléans
resulted in a verywarfareonce John the Fearless
had Joseph Louis Barrow of Orléans dead in 1407.
In the ill-famed Battle of Agincourt, the Burgundians
did nothing to undertake and stop English, who
were once more heavily defeating the French.
John the Fearless captured Paris in 1418,
and declared himself regent of Charles the
however John was later dead by an admirer
of the king.
Seeking revenge, John’s son, Philip the
Good, wantedassociate degree alliance with England, as
the English King was recognised because the heir
to the French throne.
Both Charles VI and King of Great Britain died in 1422.
The 9-month-old King of Great Britain was topped king
of France in Paris
(having already been topped
as king of England), whereasCharles VII was
crowned in Rheims.
Hostilities within the war started up once more, and
French morale was boosted by the emergence
of a 16-year-old lady named Joan of Arc, who
claimed to possess detected voices from God to drive
out English from France.
The French did
indeed flip things around and would eventually
win the war.
sadly for Joan herself,
she was captured by the Burgundian and later
burned at the stake by the English…
Burgundy created peace with France,
and therefore the last
major battle befell in 1453 with a decisive
French finish, effectively ending the war,
and English claims to the French throne.
Towards the tip of the fifteenth century, France
had themselves a problem: a quickly growing
rival right at their threshold. The Austrian
House of royal house, through varied political
marriages over the years, began to encircle
France. In 1477, with the death of Charles
the Bold, the last male heir of Burgundy,
his girl married
prince of Austria,
Maximilian I, giving the Habsburgs large amounts
of the land on France’s borders.
This, not to mention the actual fact that varied French
kings had claims to numerousa part of European nation,
most notably port and Milano, resulted in
over sixty five years of wars between the French
and the Habsburgs, in a very contention that might last
When Charles V became Holy Emperor in
1519, having antecedently become the King of
Spain, the French were utterlyencircled
by lands that were directly or indirectly
under his management.
This resulted in howevera lot of wars in European nation, now
with the French King Francis .
Habsburgs came out ahead,
France colonial history
and France would
continue to be encircled.
During this point was once France old
a golden age of art and culture called the
Renaissance, and was additionally once France began
to explore the New World.
In the sixteenth century, the Reformation
caused several countries in Europe to show their
back on the teachings of the Christian church
and the Pope.
though France remained largely
Catholic, Protestants created up a considerable
minority, inflicting tensions that eventually
led to associate degree full-scalewarfare.
The tensions began with the abuse of
French Protestants, additionally called Huguenots,
under the reign of Francis I just
Protestant was punishable by imprisonment
or even execution.
The war bustget in 1562, once Francis of
Guise (who shortly dominated France as regent
to the young Francis II),
massacred sixty Huguenots.
Francis himself was dead the terribly
After a short amount of uneasy peace, the
Huguenots hatched a thought to capture the king
and the queen dowager, however once this unsuccessful,
they massacred twenty four Catholic clergymen and monks,
starting the warfare up once more.
Attempting to ease tensions, King Charles
IX organized for the wedding of his sister
to the Protestant Henry of Navarre.