France history of war | France government history (part 2)

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This delighted
Protestants howeverhorror-struck Catholics

The King ordered the killings of a number of the
Huguenot leaders, however spiraled reply of

control and became a 3-day massacre of
about 30,000 Huguenots. The massacre was organized

by the Guises, and was widesuspected to
have been aided by the queen dowager.

Charles IX died in 1574, creating Henry III
king.

With the death of their younger brother

Francis, and also theproven fact that Henry was already
in his 30s associate degreenonethelessto supply an heir, the

next within the line to the throne became, quite
unbelievably, the king’s ninth first cousin (and

also brother-in-law), Henry of Navarre.

This period of the war is typically referred
to because the War of 3 Henrys.

Henry III,

Henry of colour, and Henry of Navarre.

The King had Henry of colourdead,
and fled from Paris into concealmenthowever he himself

was dead by a knife to the abdomen.
As he was dying, he tutored his senior

officers to be loyal to Henry of Navarre,
who became King Bolingbroke, and he regenerate

to Christianitysplendidly stating that “Paris
is value a Mass”.

The King passed the Edict of metropolis, which
granted some rights to Huguenots, thathappy

neither aspect, and tensions remained high.
Henry IV was dead in 1610.

Before his death, colonization of the New
World began beneath his rule, and continuing

for many decades afterward.

The Thirty Years’ War started between the
various Protestant and Catholic states of

the Holy Roman Empire, and was largelya non secular
war, however later escalated into a continental

power struggle, turning into less concerningfaith,
and a lot ofconcerning politics.

France, though a Catholic nation, sided
with the Protestants. the explanation for this

— the Habsburgs. Countering their long-run
rival was a lot ofvital.

The Thirty Years’ War was one in allthe foremost
destructive wars Europe had ever seen with

approximately eight million deaths, 

and also the result
of the war was… inconclusive.

The Peace of Westphalia granted some territory
to France, European nation became freelance

from the Empire, and also the independence of the
Dutch Republic was recognised.

More than simply territorial changes tho’,
the Thirty Years’ War was a true turning

point in European history, each in terms of
religion and politics. It placeassociate degreefinish to the

violence of the Reformation and
more usually was the start of freedom

of faith.

Politically, it had been arguably the primary war
that really highlighted the importance of

the Balance of Power, 

the requirement of guaranteeing
that one single nation doesn’t become too

powerful to dominate all of the others.

After twenty three years of weddingand 4 stillbirths,
the Queen of France finally gave birth to

the nation’s future king: King of France, who
ruled France for seventy two years,

the longest powerful

monarch of European history.

This spectacularachievement was helped by the very fact
that his father died simplya couple of years once

his birth, as he became King of France at
just four years previousthroughout his minority,

the

country was dominated by his mother, Anne of Oesterreich,
and Cardinal Mazarin, the country’s chief

minister.

In 1648, Paris rose up in revolt, because
the country was tired of being dominated by a Spaniard

and associate degree Italian, moreover as multiplied taxes
to get the debt of many decades of

war.

The revolt was suppressed, and didn’t extremely
achieve abundant, however, it had a large impact

on the currently 10-year-old king Louis. He vowed
to be a king that willne’er be revolted

against.

Louis XIV became better-known for being associate degree absolute
monarch, and was the foremost powerful king in

all of French history. he’susually quoted
as locution “L’état, c’est moi” — “I

am the State”.
Louis XIV was a devout Catholic and believed
in his policy of 1 King, One Law, One Faith,

and, to itfinish, he revoked the Edict of
Nantes issued by his granddad, Henry IV,

causing a mass exodus of over four hundred,000 Huguenots
and major economic issues.

Louis XIV was concerned in many wars throughout
his long reign, thatexpanded France’s

borders to their close tocontemporary extent. First,
there was a war against Spain, then against

the Dutch, a war against… essentially all
of Europe, and most significantly of all: the

War of the Spanish Succession.

The Spanish King died in 1700, with none
heirs to succeed him, in all probabilitythanks tomany

generations of union, but anyway, he
left in his canthe complete Spanish Empire

to Philip of Anjou, grandchild of King of France.
Having a joint autocracy of France and Spain

would seriously upset the balance of power.
So, the Grand Alliance that had been shaped

against France within the9 Years’ War, regrouped
in support of their candidate for the Spanish

throne: the prince of Oesterreich, Charles,
of the dynasty House.