Ahmad massoud date of birth
How much life is in the resistance of Ahmad Massoud?
The Panjshir Valley, once a symbol of resistance against the Soviet Union in the 1980s and the Taliban in the 1990s, is making headlines again. Ahmed Massoud, son of guerrilla commander Ahmad Shah Massoud, has declared resistance to the Taliban.
Ahmad Shah Massoud was undoubtedly a multi-talented guerrilla commander, but in addition to his courage and perseverance, his success was due to his access to the outside world, the support of many countries, the presence of key commanders on the battlefield and the supply line. ۔ His son may have the same courage as his father, but other factors are the opposite of those of the eighties and nineties.
When Ahmad Shah Massoud began to resist the Soviet Union in the 1980s, a large part of Badakhshan Province was beyond the reach of the Soviet Union.
Ahmad shah massoud in Pakistan
Weapons were supplied to Ahmad Shah Massoud from Pakistan via Badakhshan and Ahmad Shah Massoud himself used the Badakhshan route to come to Pakistan.
There are still many families in Gabor, a border area of Chitral, who proudly tell the story of Ahmad Shah Masood’s hospitality. When Ahmad Shah Massoud began resisting the Taliban in the 1990s, the province of Badakhshan remained his source of survival. During the Northern Alliance era, Ahmad Shah Massoud’s connection to the outside world was restored via Tajikistan, and the province of Badakhshan, which connects the Panjshir Valley to Tajikistan, was under Northern Alliance control.
Now the Taliban control all around Panjshir, including Badakhshan province, while Ahmad Masood’s resistance is not as accepted internationally as it was during his father’s time. The important question is how long Ahmed Masood’s resistance will survive without supply and international support.
Ahmad Shah Massoud also had the support of commanders with the best fighting skills on the battlefield. Ustad Ata Noor Mohammad, who was given the title of Ustad by Ahmad Shah Masood himself, belongs to a rich family of Balkh province. He fought side by side with Ahmad Shah Masood in many battles.
The city of Mazar-e-Sharif
was first liberated from the Taliban in 2001, and it was teacher Ata Nor Muhammad who took over Mazar-e-Sharif Later,
teacher Ata Nor was the governor of Balkh province for ten years and according to a report of the Daulat Samiti, he became the richest man in Afghanistan.
After the capture of Herat, when the Taliban released Muslim Khan, he was given the responsibility of negotiating with Ata Nor, but the situation changed so fast that the Taliban reached Kabul before Muslim Khan reached Ata Nor.
Khalid Nor, son of ATA Nor Mohammad, was part of a delegation of Afghan leaders visiting Pakistan on 15 August .
It remains to be seen whether teacher ATA Nor will spend his wealth on Ahmed Masood’s resistance movement or he will join politics with the Taliban to save his wealth.
Among the most important commanders who fought on the battlefield with Ahmad Shah Massoud were General Fahim and General Dawood.
After the assassination of General Fahm Ahmad Shah Massoud, he became the head of the military wing of the Northern Alliance, and when the Taliban government was overthrown in 2001, it was General Fahim who led the Northern Alliance forces to occupy Kabul.
On the other hand, General Dawood liberated Kunduz province from the Taliban in 2001, which was considered a Taliban stronghold in northern Afghanistan.
These two commanders are no more in this world. Thus, Ahmad Massoud does not have a commander like General Fahim and General Dawood who can perform significant tasks on the battlefield.
Ahmad Shah Massoud was also accompanied by allies like Muslim Khan and Abdul Rashid Dostum. The effectiveness of Abdul Rashid Dostum was assessed in the first two weeks of August.
When the Taliban tightened the siege around Mazar-e-Sharif, Abdul Rashid Dostum, along with Teacher Ata Nor Muhammad, fled to Uzbekistan.
Muslim Khan resisted in Herat but could not stand for long. After surrendering to the Taliban, he fled to Iran. Now the part of Muslim Khan and Abdul Rashid Dostum Omar, even if they join Ahmed Massoud, they will remain out of the battlefield.
There are now three big names who are present in Panjshir province along with Ahmed Massoud. The biggest name is Amrullah Saleh, a former vice president who now calls himself president of Afghanistan.
Under Ahmad Shah Massoud, Amrullah Saleh headed the Northern Alliance’s diplomatic mission in Tajikistan.
When Ahmad Shah Massoud and the CIA reconnected in 1998, Amrullah Saleh was sent to the United States for intelligence training. Amrullah Saleh was trained as a spy by the CIA and remained in Tajikistan until 2001, working as a liaison between Ahmad Shah Massoud and other intelligence agencies and supporting countries.
When the Taliban government fell in 2001, Amrullah Saleh held key positions in Hamid Karzai’s administration. Amrullah Saleh had a big hand in the formation of the NDS, Afghanistan’s intelligence agency, and he was also the head of the NDS for many years, but all his training and experience is related to intelligence.
He was not directly involved in the guerrilla war. The other big name is General Bismillah Khan, who was made acting defence minister by Ashraf Ghani a few days before the fall of Kabul.
General Bismillah Khan fought alongside Ahmad Shah Massoud on the battlefield and was one of his key commanders. But after 20 years in politics, Bismillah Khan may not be so useful. Otherwise, Kabul would not have fallen to the Taliban so soon.
Amrullah Saleh and General Bismillah Khan are more of a burden to Ahmad Massoud than a helper. Sources in Panjshir said that it was these two who incited Ahmed Massoud to resist even though Ahmed Massoud himself was in favour of talks which was also expressed by his uncle and father-in-law Ahmed Wali Massoud.
Fahim Dashti was also present in the room when Ahmad Shah Massoud was assassinated two days before 9/11. He and Ahmad Shah Massoud were transferred to Tajikistan in critical condition, where Ahmad Shah Massoud succumbed to his injuries but Fahim Dashti survived.
After the fall of the Taliban government, Fahim Dashti joined the field of journalism. He ran a weekly newspaper in Kabul and was also an anchor for several TV channels.
His newspaper was shut down for exposing the corruption of the Hamid Karzai government, and he was later removed from the television screen.
Faheem Dashti has also been supervising the education and training of Ahmed Massoud and Faheem Dashti has a hand in his political training.
Ahmad shah massoud death
Fahim Dashti has been a close associate of Ahmad Massoud’s father, but he was also a soldier on the battlefield, so even in the current resistance movement, he will be able to support Ahmed Massoud with a pen instead of a gun.
Abdullah Abdullah and Hamid Karzai were instrumental in making Ahmad Shah Massoud a hero to Europe.
The two visited several European countries and persuaded Western countries to support Ahmad Shah Massoud. Iran, Turkey, Tajikistan, India and many other countries in the region were supporting Ahmad Shah Massoud to protect their interests.
In the current situation, Abdullah Abdullah and Hamid Karzai are in Kabul and are not in favour of Ahmed Massoud’s resistance movement. Ahmed Masood’s encouragement did not come from any country except India.
In India, too, the support is to the extent of the media, while on the diplomatic front, India is trying to establish relations with the Taliban.
Given this whole scenario, Ahmed Masood’s resistance movement is more difficult than his father’s resistance.